This weekend saw two mass shootings with a total casualty count (so far) of 29 people.
On Sunday, Americans woke up to news of a shooting rampage in an entertainment district in Dayton, Ohio, where a man wearing body armor shot and killed nine people, including his own sister. Hours earlier, a 21-year-old with a rifle entered a Walmart in El Paso and killed 20 people.
The Dayton shooter was killed on site. Police reacted before he could enter a busy bar called Ned Peppers, downing the shooter in 30 seconds from the first shot. The shooter opened fire with a .223-caliber high-capacity rifle with 100-round drum magazines. He ordered it online.
As the video shows, he was literally two from entering the bar before he was shot down by police (he’s the last person in the video, who falls at the end):
Not much is known about the motives of the Dayton shooter, who was 24, except that he was a troubled individual. He was suspended from high school for having a “kill list” of the boys he wanted to kill, and a “rape list” for the girls.
The El Paso shooting at a Walmart was quite different. The male shooter, age 21, was captured, and he posted a manifesto on 8chan just nineteen minutes before the shooting.
The unsigned manifesto, titled “The Inconvenient Truth,” draws direct inspiration from the mass murder of Muslims at two mosques in New Zealand in March that left 51 people dead. In that attack, the suspect published a manifesto online promoting a white supremacist theory called “the great replacement.” The theory has been promoted by a French writer named Renaud Camus, and argues that elites in Europe have been working to replace white Europeans with immigrants from the Middle East and North Africa.Christchurch has become a rallying cry for extremists the world over. The manifesto linked to the El Paso killings begins, “In general, I support the Christchurch shooter and his manifesto. This attack is a response to the Hispanic invasion of Texas.”
The suspect wrote that his views “predate Trump,” as if anticipating the political debate that would follow the blood bath. But if Mr. Trump did not originally inspire the gunman, he has brought into the mainstream polarizing ideas and people once consigned to the fringes of American society.
8chan, the online message board where the manifesto was posted minutes before the El Paso shooting, vanished from the internet on Monday and remained offline several hours later, after a San Francisco company decided to stop providing vital network services to the site. The forum went dark at about midnight in California. After the move was announced late Sunday by the company, Cloudflare, 8chan confirmed the change on Twitter and warned that an interruption in the site’s connectivity would probably follow.
This couple died after shielding their baby from bullets during the El Paso shooting pic.twitter.com/6SxJml6hI7— NowThis (@nowthisnews) August 5, 2019
Trump at first chose to golf this weekend, but as criticism mounted (not only of his lack of attention, but his rhetorical complicity) he stepped up to the plate and called for background checks, but he also … wait for it… blamed the media.
….this legislation with desperately needed immigration reform. We must have something good, if not GREAT, come out of these two tragic events!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 5, 2019
The Media has a big responsibility to life and safety in our Country. Fake News has contributed greatly to the anger and rage that has built up over many years. News coverage has got to start being fair, balanced and unbiased, or these terrible problems will only get worse!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 5, 2019
Other Republicans and right wing pundits blamed video games.
But most people on the left, center, and even the right are calling the El Paso shooting what is it – domestic terrorism and white nationalism.
The New York Times editorial board says it all:
If one of the perpetrators of this weekend’s two mass shootings had adhered to the ideology of radical Islam, the resources of the American government and its international allies would mobilize without delay.
The awesome power of the state would work tirelessly to deny future terrorists access to weaponry, money and forums to spread their ideology. The movement would be infiltrated by spies and informants. Its financiers would face sanctions. Places of congregation would be surveilled. Those who gave aid or comfort to terrorists would be prosecuted. Programs would be established to de-radicalize former adherents.
No American would settle for “thoughts and prayers” as a counterterrorism strategy No American would accept laying the blame for such an attack on video games, like the Texas lieutenant governor, Dan Patrick, did in an interview on Sunday when discussing the mass shooting in El Paso that took 20 lives and left 27 people wounded.
In predictable corners, moderate Muslims would be excoriated for not speaking out more forcefully against the extremists in their midst. Foreign nations would be hit with sanctions for not doing enough to help the cause. Politicians might go so far as to call for a total ban on Muslims entering the United States “until our country’s representatives can figure out what the hell is going on.”
Even a casual observer today can figure out what is going on. The world, and the West in particular, has a serious white nationalist terrorist problem that has been ignored or excused for far too long. As President George W. Bush declared in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, we must be a country “awakened to danger and called to defend freedom. Our grief has turned to anger, and anger to resolution.”
There are serious questions about how the United States has approached Islamic extremism, but if even a degree of that vigilance and unity of effort was put toward white nationalism, we’d be safer.
White nationalist terror attacks are local, but the ideology is global. On Saturday, a terrorist who, according to a federal law enforcement official, wrote that he feared a “Hispanic invasion of Texas” was replacing white Americans opened fire in a Walmart in El Paso. In a manifesto, the gunman wrote that he drew some inspiration from the white nationalist terrorist attack in Christchurch, New Zealand, that left 51 people dead. The F.B.I. is investigating the El Paso mass shooting as a possible act of domestic terrorism.
The motive behind another mass shooting in Dayton, Ohio, is under investigation.
In April, another terrorist who opened fire at a synagogue in Poway, Calif., echoed the words of the Christchurch suspect, too, and appeared to draw inspiration from a massacre at a synagogue in Pittsburgh last fall. The alleged Christchurch terrorist, for his part, wrote that he drew inspiration from white supremacist attacks in Norway, the United States, Italy, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
An investigation by The Times earlier this year found that “at least a third of white extremist killers since 2011 were inspired by others who perpetrated similar attacks, professed a reverence for them or showed an interest in their tactics.”
White supremacy, in other words, is a violent, interconnected transnational ideology. Its adherents are gathering in anonymous, online forums to spread their ideas, plotting attacks and cheering on acts of terrorism.
The result is an evolving brand of social media-fueled bloodshed. Online communities like 4chan and 8chan have become hotbeds of white nationalist activity. Anonymous users flood the site’s “politics” board with racist, sexist and homophobic content designed to spread across the web. Users share old fascist fiction, Nazi propaganda and pseudoscientific texts about race and I.Q. and replacement theory, geared to radicalize their peers.
These communities aren’t new. Stormfront, an early white supremacist bulletin board and website, was begun by Don Black in 1996. Communities like the neo-Nazi site, the Daily Stormer, have spread white nationalist ideas for years. Some of these communities’ most unstable users have moved their hate into the real world — Dylann Roof, who killed nine black churchgoers in Charleston in 2015 had a Stormfront account under the name, “Lil Aryan.”
Yet, in recent months, conversations in one anonymous 8chan forum in particular have evolved. They increasingly focus on carrying out acts of white nationalist terror. In the wake of the Christchurch shooting, copycat killers have taken to the board to seek approval for acts of violence. They post hastily written manifestoes in the hopes that these rantings will be shared online and by the media — and inspire more shootings.
Posts actively incentivize the darkest impulses of the most dangerous users. In May, an anonymous user posted a screed on “Target Selection,” providing a blueprint on how to increase the body count during mass shootings. The community celebrates and compares the number of casualties from shooting to shooting — a gamification of mass murder.
Law enforcement currently offers few answers as to how to contain these communities. The anonymous nature of the forum makes it difficult to track down the validity of threats, and trolls frequently muddy the waters by attempting to dupe authorities with false threats and disinformation.
But the real world violence associated with the site has caused some agencies to pay closer attention to conspiratorial and hateful communities online — just recently an F.B.I. field office for the first time identified fringe conspiracy theories as a domestic terrorist threat.
Technology companies, too, appear unwilling to treat white nationalist terror online the way they have dealt with the online spread of radical Islamic terror groups, such as the Islamic State. Companies like Facebook and Twitter took bold action to remove tens of millions of pieces of ISIS and Al Qaeda propaganda and accounts between 2014 and 2018. Similar standards have not been applied to white nationalists, perhaps because, as a 2018 reportfrom researcher J.M. Berger, who specializes in online extremism, notes, “The task of crafting a response to the alt-right is considerably more complex and fraught with land mines, largely as a result of the movement’s inherently political nature and its proximity to political power.”
While its modern roots predate the Trump administration by many decades, white nationalism has attained a new mainstream legitimacy during Mr. Trump’s time in office.
Discussions of Americans being “replaced” by immigrants, for instance, are a recurring feature on some programs on Fox News. Fox hosts Tucker Carlson and Laura Ingraham, for example, return to these themes frequently. Democrats, Ms. Ingraham told viewers last year, “want to replace you, the American voters, with newly amnestied citizens and an ever-increasing number of chain migrants.”
“You will not replace us,” white nationalists proudly chanted at Charlottesville in 2017. (Mr. Trump himself proclaimed that there were “fine people” on both sides of that deadly event.)
In May, bemoaning an “invasion” of immigrants, Mr. Trump askedhow immigrants could be stopped during a rally in Florida. “Shoot them,” someone in the crowd yelled. Mr. Trump gave a smirk and said, “That’s only in the Panhandle you can get away with that stuff,” as the crowd exploded in ghoulish laughter.
Far more Americans have died at the hands of domestic terrorists than at the hands of Islamic extremists since 2001, according to the F.B.I. The agency’s resources, however, are still overwhelmingly weighted toward thwarting international terrorism.
The nation owed a debt to the victims of the 9/11 attacks, to take action against the vile infrastructure that allowed the terrorists to achieve their goals that horrible Tuesday. We owe no less of a debt to the victims in El Paso and to the hundreds of other victims of white nationalist terrorism around the nation.
Moderate members of the political right must do more to condemnwhite nationalists, even if the president condemns them from one side of his mouth and extols ethnonationalism from the other.
Advertisers have a duty not to sponsor television programs that flirt with white nationalism or advocate it outright.
Banks have a duty not to help finance white nationalist organizations.
Religious leaders should feel called to denounce white nationalism from the pulpit.
Technology companies have a responsibility to de-platform white nationalist propaganda and communities as they did ISIS propaganda. And if the technology companies refuse to step up, law enforcement has a duty to vigilantly monitor and end the anonymity, via search warrants, of those who openly plot attacks in murky forums.
Those people who encourage terrorism anonymously online should be named.
Those who sympathize with the white nationalist ideology but who deplore the violence should work closely with law enforcement to see that fellow travelers who may be prone to violence do not have access to firearms like semiautomatic assault-style weapons that are massively destructive.
Most importantly, American law enforcement needs to target white nationalists with the same zeal that they have targeted radical Islamic terrorists. Ensuring the security of the homeland demands it.
There can be no middle ground when it comes to white nationalism and the terrorism it inspires. You’re either for it or against it.
Yyyyeah. The third from last paragraph…. um…. what?
Trump is speaking this morning from the White House on the issue. I imagine he’ll make some long overdue proposals, but he clearly is the wrong messenger for this. If the press falls over themselves saying that he acted “presidential”, I might vomit.
We have a gun problem. We have a white supremacy problem. They are increasingly intertwined. We need to respond to each of them legislatively and culturally, without fear or intimidation.
Didn’t we all say that it was only a matter of time before Trump’s rhetoric got someone killed?
UPDATE: Trump is speaking. Reading from a teleprompter and not speaking from the heart, he (finally) condemns white supremacy. Vague list of things to do, like “we need to develop tools to detect these people online early”. Now going after video games. Now wants to reform mental health laws (somehow). Calling for death penalty for hate crime murders.
Trump said, “may God bless the memory of those who perished in Toledo,” but the shooting happened in Dayton, Ohio.— Kyle Griffin (@kylegriffin1) August 5, 2019
It is strange watching this speech being analyzed as a serious text when the president got the name of the city wrong at the end. Presumably someone on his staff wrote Toledo instead of Dayton, and no one caught it, not even the president.— Brian Stelter (@brianstelter) August 5, 2019
President Trump mistakenly refers to Toledo, Ohio, instead of Dayton, Ohio, in remarks about last weekend’s mass shootings https://t.co/sZSr7MUWHR pic.twitter.com/SjyZ3OCU98— CBS News (@CBSNews) August 5, 2019
Nothing on background checks or assault weapons bans.
17 minutes of TelePrompTering but not much on gun control— Molly Jong-Fast (@MollyJongFast) August 5, 2019
Trump: *stumbles over every word and can’t even be bothered to learn the name of the city he’s supposed to be offering comfort to, so he just picks a random place in that state instead because who gives a fuck*— maura quint (@behindyourback) August 5, 2019
The absolute worst people in the media: https://t.co/OGOT7OzOTt
Trump explains why gun control is not the answer:
Trump said in the speech: “Mental illness and hatred pulls the trigger, not the gun.”— Daniel Dale (@ddale8) August 5, 2019
Yeah. Other countries have mental illness and hatred too, but no mass shootings. You know why? They don’t have easy access to weapons designed to kill many people.
Apparently we’re also the only country with mental illness and social media.— LOLGOP (@LOLGOP) August 5, 2019
UPDATE #2 —
Thank you, Beto O’Rourke, for telling it exactly like it is:
“We have a president right now who traffics in this hatred, who incites this violence, who calls Mexican immigrants rapists and criminals, calls asylum seekers animals and an infestation,” the 2020 Democratic presidential candidate said, quoting earlier Trump remarks.
“You may call a cockroach an infestation, you may use that word in the Third Reich to describe those who are undesirable, who must be put down because they are subhuman. You do not expect to hear that in the United States of America in this age, in our generation, in this beautiful country that decided 243 years ago that we would not define ourselves by race or ethnicity or our differences — but by the fact that we were all created equal.”
Yes, indeed, Trump’s rhetoric is that of Nazi Germany’s. Good for Beto for saying it, and saying it now, when it’s harder for Trump and his deplorable enablers in Congress to escape the consequences.
UPDATE #3 —
NEW: 21 Now dead as a result of the shooting in El Paso, TX. https://t.co/Hy7Tphx3Uk— Tom Winter (@Tom_Winter) August 5, 2019
.@benjaminwittes and I wrote this four days before the 2016 election. I’ve never really stopped thinking about it. https://t.co/iFIxxCLdQw pic.twitter.com/x0gORsYfA7— Quinta Jurecic (@qjurecic) August 4, 2019
UPDATE #4: Death toll in El Paso now up to 22.
The Clintons are speaking out.
How many more people have to die before we reinstate the assault weapons ban & the limit on high-capacity magazines & pass universal background checks? After they passed in 1994, there was a big drop in mass shooting deaths. When the ban expired, they rose again. We must act now.— Bill Clinton (@BillClinton) August 5, 2019
People suffer from mental illness in every other country on earth; people play video games in virtually every other country on earth.— Hillary Clinton (@HillaryClinton) August 5, 2019
The difference is the guns.
Trump — five years ago today:
Until all of us stand up and insist on holding public officials accountable for changing our gun laws, these tragedies will keep happening: https://t.co/reTnmcg3xo— Barack Obama (@BarackObama) August 5, 2019
“We should soundly reject language coming out of the mouths of any of our leaders that feeds a climate of fear and hatred or normalizes racist sentiments; leaders who demonize those who don’t look like us,… “. Nice Obama.
UPDATE #6 – and the coup de grace…
Holy Toledo, it wasn’t even on the TelePrompTer. pic.twitter.com/vviFo7vqMw— Andrew Feinberg (@AndrewFeinberg) August 5, 2019