(1) The median number of tweets over the course of a lifetime is…. ready for this?… one. This translates to over half of Twitter users tweeting less than once every 74 days. Yup. In fact, 25% of all Twitter uses don't tweet at all (they just follow).
(2) 90% of all tweets come from only the top 10% most prolific users. Whcih means 90% of all Twitter users account for only 10% of all tweets.
(3) Men comprise 45% of all Twitter users; women are 55%. But both men and women tweet the same amount (no significant difference).
(4) Men and women roughly follow the same number of twitterers; but men get followed more often than women. In fact, men have 15% more followers then women, even though there are less men on Twitter (see #3).
It should be noted that the data for the study came from May 2009. There's been a Twitter explosion since then. I'm not sure how much the underlying numbers have changd — I suspect that #1 and #2 will be different now.